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This eBay listing has ended : NEOLITHIC AGED STONE LEAF shaped ARROWHEAD


Listing ended Thu, July 13, 3:25 pm EDT

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Seller darwins_origin_of_the_species has 100% + feedback, 1036 total feedback on eBay

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NEOVENATOR Possibly the UK's biggest killer dinosaur. It once roamed the areas of Southern England around 120 million years ago, preying on the herds of Iguanodon and also, I would imagine, the numerous long necked sauropods that were around at this time. It is related to the T-Rex busting Carcharodontosaurus. THIS IS A GENUINE ANCIENT ARTEFACT NEOLITHIC ARROWHEAD Period: Neolithic / Early Bronze Age Age: circa 3,000 years BC Material: Silica rich rock Location: Sahara desert, North Africa Relaxing in the comforts of our own homes, it is easy to forget how hard life must have been 5,000 to 3,000 years ago. We can only try to appreciate the conditions that these 'stone age' people had to face. But, by attempting to compare the documentaries about certain lost tribes, like those of the Kalahari bush men and the Australian aborigines, it gives us a brief insight in to the possible lives of these ancient people. A lot of people say that modern man has lost some of his primitive instincts and senses over time e.g. the ability to make contact with the 'spirit world' etc. These are all fascinating subjects in their own right, but the craftsmanship in preparing a small piece of stone with such precision, such as this arrowhead, with only the use of primitive implements is incredible. I think we severely underestimate our ancestors too often. But first, a bit about the way they were made and the people that made them:- Arrowhead Production: In order to achieve the desired implement, different methods of manufacture were used. But first, the selection of the finest materials was required. Neolithic man was very particular about the type of materials he used. In deed, he went to great lengths to obtain these. In Norfolk, Grimes Caverns, near Weeting, there are Neolithic mine shafts in the chalk cliffs where a particular high grade flint was mined, despite other, easier accessible flint veins being present. From this raw material, the stone was prepared into a 'core' and this is referred to as 'dressing'. From this core, various assortments of stone tools could be made such as knives, spears, arrowheads and also axe-heads or 'celts'. Dressing involved the use of 'flaking tools' and a process called 'knapping'. A piece of bone, antler or stone employed as a hammer was used for this purpose. The 'knapper' would generally use a stone far larger than the tool or 'core' he was creating. There are planes of weakness within every rock (even in homogeneous materials like flint) and an experienced 'knapper' would take advantage of these. He would first tap the stone in order to identify the planes of weakness and then strike the surface at a desired angle in order to exploit it. Using a freshly cleaved face as a striking platform, he then strikes off a series of long parallel-sided flakes. Depending on how these flakes are made, sharp edged blades would be used as knives and the arrowheads would be worked further from a single flake. Direct and indirect 'percussion' and 'pressure flaking' would have been used to obtain the desired effect (see below for descriptions). Checking this arrowhead, you will notice points of percussion where the stone was stuck and some arrowheads will exhibit 'bulbs of percussion' where the stone is left with a 'fan shaped' mark where the striking pressure was applied. Some may also show a 'bulbar scar' where the stone was left with a shatter mark from a waste flake. Using a magnifying glass will help identify some of these features. Other arrows were shaped for specific purposes in mind: - some were leaf shaped, some with 'tangs' or 'v' shaped (so the arrow can't be pulled out without causing maximum damage). Others had jagged edges, (possibly used for fishing with), others long and thin (needed for maximum penetration). Arrows: It is believed that the arrowhead was usually attached to the stem of a reed (due to their length, straightness and pliability) with the conventional feathered ends used for flight control. Location: This arrowhead comes from the Sahara Desert, North Africa. More than likely, this arrow head was collected from a dried up river valley or wadi's which stretch across the Sahara desert or maybe from deserted settlements. The time when this arrow was last used, the landscape was a lot more hospitable than today's desert conditions. The area was forested with lakes and rivers and a lot of 'game' to support a nomadic hunter-gatherer existence. Because this arrowhead has been picked up in isolation, it is impossible to predict the exact age that it comes from. Notes: Direct percussion: Using a stone (or other implement) to hit the surface directly. Indirect percussion: Using a stone (or other implement) to hit a chisel like tool (e.g. an antler) to strike the surface. Pressure flaking: The flake is held in the hand and a piece of bone (or other implement) is held in the other hand. The bone is used to put direct pressure on the edges of the arrow and 'nibble' away pieces to create a sharp edge. ARROWHEAD DETAILS: This leaf shaped arrow measures approx. 3.5 cm long. It exhibits nice percussion marks along both sides giving quite sharp edges. Isn't it amazing how a small flake of stone can be worked so finely and small as this? As you can see in this example, the craftsmanship to shape such a piece of stone so tiny is absolutely awe inspiring. Doing some research recently, it must also remembered that some of these projectiles would also have been used as weapons for other human tribes that were encrouching upon protected hunting areas. There is evidence from an earlier period of the late Pleistocene, a graveyard discovered near Jebel Sahaba in the Sudanese Nubia where clearly its victims faced a violent death. Bodies were covered in wounds inflicted by microlith and other projectiles. Clearly this is another angle that I hadn't appreciated when initially writing this description! Worried these are not genuine? I get mine from a trusted source that specializes in ancient artefact's, but also, recently I was talking to a film camera man who was working with David Attenborough whilst filming in the Sahara. Well, he himself collected bags of these arrows/implements from deserted settlements that they found in the desert regions. Just lying there on the ground and untouched for thousands of years! So please feel confident that these are, as described, genuine. I may be in a position to offer some of these others that he collected, with details, in the coming months.... so watch this space. Can't wait? then please contact me..... STARTING WITH A CRAZY 99p OPENING BID